Don C. Bitler, Commissioner of the El Centro Chamber of Commerce, boasted that economic opportunity was not the only reason for residing there, it was his town’s “metropolitan aspect.” He believed that El Centro was “a place in which to live; where life may be enjoyed in its fullness.”49 Bitler voiced other sentiments that nostalgic Americans knew so well with the passing of the agrarian order and the emergence of the twentieth-century industrial state. A drought and then flood in the 1860s caused the death of most of the cattle in the Salinas Valley, and more land was planted with wheat, which remained the predominant crop through the 1880s. They came to establish missions in Baja and convert the natives to the Catholic lifestyle. Tulare Lake, once 570 square miles (1,476 square kilometers) and now dry and covered with agricultural fields, once filled much of the area. 2727 Presidio Drive, San Diego, CA 92103. Earth scientists typically divide the state into eleven distinct geomorphic provinces with clearly defined boundaries. View Location View Map. '”52, The California Dream, Racial Minorities, and the Mode of Production. Pay a cash return at least as equal to that enjoyed by the owners of large farms. Better distribution encouraged the expansion of the agricultural sector and contributed to San Diego’s growing popularity as an area for resettlement and profitable investment. The participation of many agricultural enterprises at the fair, such as the International Harvester Company, the Seven California Counties model farm exhibit, and the Imperial County Celebration Day displayed the conflicting aims and variety of ideas about the social function of agriculture in an industrializing Southwest. California is the leading US state for cash farm receipts, accounting for over 13 percent of the nation's total agricultural value. 1990 USDA Hardiness Zone Maps for Neighboring States and Provinces. Vaught characterizes three-quarters of farms in California in 1910 as less than 175 acres. There are more than 400 commodity crops grown across California, including a significant portion of all fruits, vegetables, and nuts for the United States. Farm machinery manufacturer International Harvester Company displayed mechanical tractors, harvesters, and reapers, showing audiences an industrialized version of small acreage farms that were central to the “back-to-the-land” movement. Indeed, one of Smythe’s trickiest maneuvers, in the words of historian Lawrence Lee, was “to attract gullible Eastern Americans to a form of intensive agriculture better practiced by the despised Orientals.”62 In urban areas, developers created restrictive covenants which dictated who could purchase a home in newer city neighborhoods. To be sure, some new middle-class residents of the Southland did successfully run farms with small acreage, yet agricultural boosters still promoted intensive-farming despite the trend of agricultural consolidation. In the coming weeks, the CUESA E-letter will feature a four-part series about the food-producing areas from which the cornucopia of goods sold at the market are drawn. Evapotranspiration (ET) is one of the most important parameters to study crop water use for irrigation scheduling and water management. North American industrial region comprising of USA and Canada is a highly developed industrial region … The origins of griculture in Baja California Sur date from the arrival of the Jesuits order in the a 18th century. One of the ways San Diego fair boosters publicized opportunity in the region was to describe its climatic attributes and potential for rural living, thus avoiding explanation of the divisive racial and class conflicts that plagued Southern California during the 1910s. 2, (February 1913): 110-120. They work cheaply, and in the end, the planters may employ them profitably.”59 The Alien Land Law of 1913 formally enacted legislation that allowed the discriminatory practice of withholding the sale of agricultural land to the Japanese, thus pushing many former entrepreneurial farmers into the rural wage-labor market. 2. GEOGRAPHY: The Central Valley is a lowland region that extends through central California from the Cascade Mountains in the north to the Tehachapi Mountains in the south.Its 450-mile-long stretch is bounded by the Pacific Coast Range to the west … This research aims at assessing the limited water resources for better crop-water irrigation and conservation of a drought affected agricultural area in California. In 1850 California became the 31st state, and is now the third largest state behind Alaska and Texas. San Diego’s open landscape and sunshine, the rich soils of its inland valleys, and a temperate frost-free climate were all attributes which helped San Diego boosters create a mental picture of California for potential visitors. His next project will be a cultural history of surfing in twentieth century California. The San Diego region’s small-farm agricultural belt underwent mechanization in the fields as well. PERCENTAGE OF SURFACE AREA COVERED BY WATER: 4.7%. One local newspaper remarked that the completion of the San Diego and Arizona Railway insured that “the future of Imperial and San Diego” would be “indissolubly linked.”46 The Imperial Valley embodied the triumph of human ingenuity and technology over nature; agricultural boosters reaped profit and established communities in the midst of non-reclaimable land. Mexicans, Punjabi Mexicans, Japanese, and Chinese were viewed as “child-like” and needed reform and moral guidance from whites. The ads looked deceptively harmonious, the tours as white as kid gloves.”10. As boosters pushed agriculture as a political-economic enterprise they also peppered their economic dreams with visions of the unique cultural lifestyle that arose from the land itself. His analysis concludes that the “factory” metaphor for the state’s agribusiness, coined by Carey McWilliams, is inaccurate. For an argument for qualitative changes, see Worster, Rivers of Empire, 122-125. 57. Laut, “San Diego: First Port of Call,” 118. Discussion with Mary Beth Simon-Miller and Daniel Miller, August 1995, Wellington, Colorado. Although, the only San Diego resident capable of compiling such a comprehensive volume of some one-thousand pages covering everything from agriculture to regional folklore and native American history was William Ellsworth Smythe. Taking care of the land, water and overall environment are paramount in ensuring California continues to be profitable and competitive in a ballooning global market. Mediterranean agriculture is that type found in the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea which have mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers, and also in those areas elsewhere with a similar climate – central and southern California, central Chile, the south west of Cape Province, the south west of Western Australia and the southern part of South Australia. The most ambitious agricultural reformer in the region was William Ellsworth Smythe. The San Joaquin Valley—California’s largest agricultural region and an important contributor to the nation’s food supply—is in a time of great change. Why Not San Diego County, California?, (San Francisco: Sunset Publishing Company, n.d.), 3. Yet, he provides no definition of “industrial agriculture” himself in this article, ignoring the important issue of whether size (quantity) or method (quality) distinguishes agribusiness from the family farm. The products that come to the Ferry Plaza Farmers Market from the Central Coast are characteristic of what is produced in the area today – an abundance of strawberries and bush berries, vegetables, and cut flowers, and a sprinkling of apples. Known as the Coast Ranges, they were created by seafloor folding from the lateral movement of the North American and Pacific plates (along the San Andreas Fault) and their existence dramatically affects the soil, climate and thus agricultural potential in this region. 9. A bit of agricultural and environmental history is important here. Adding to the myth of the successful small farmer, Why Not San Diego County, California?, an agricultural booster publication, declared that during the “time it takes for the orchard to come into bearing, an industrious and frugal family can live from the ten acres of land by putting in various crops, and with chickens and cows.”44 Olive ranching provided a sufficient metaphor for the exhibits of agricultural boosterism at the San Diego fair. The pressure of urban expansion and suburbanization cause land rents radiating from the periphery of a center city to increase (during population growth), oftentimes causing an increase in the price of farmland per acre. Panama-California Exposition, 1915, Prospectus, 754. 36.985003092856-118.212890625 5 satellite. 3. click for Fullsize. The efforts of boosters had submerged and dire consequences for the region’s near future, both for sustainable development and for the equal participation of all citizens in the California Dream. Be in accord with the highest ideals of American democracy.21, One of the first utopian agricultural communities modeled after Smythe’s ideas began at San Diego’s border with Mexico, in the town of San Ysidro. Vaught missed the opportunity to analyze the qualitative changes made in the small farm sector through irrigation, and how the booster literature evaded the difficult economic predicament experienced by small farmers in competition with large growers. Farmers in the Wellington area of Northern Colorado, such as the Millers, face this encroachment of the real-estate market. Richard White, ‘It’s Your Misfortune and None of My Own’: A New History of the American West, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991), 436. The Japanese were superb intensive farmers, but their exodus into wage labor strengthened their resolve to organize, then resist labor exploitation. 20. Imperial Valley Program, “Imperial, the Oldest City in the Valley,” np. “Official Address of G.A. 2. Booster Mark Watson wrote a glowing report of the model farm, suggesting that “they [spectators] will see that the ‘little lander’ is not only making a good profit,” but enjoyed the benefits of modernized and rural living. Nature does the rest – and does it well.”51 The products of nature, aided by the “slight” intervention of irrigation technology, “magically” sprouted from the ground. Aridity signalled the need for irrigation, and irrigation brought a systematic and predictable aspect to the production of agricultural goods. The tenor of Southern Californian boosterism at the Panama-California Exposition of 1915 revealed some happy and not so happy facets of the California Dream. The first significant crop in the region was potatoes, the main consumers of which were nearby gold miners. 51. It was the pure democracy of the Fathers, plus the modern improvements of the West, including full woman suffrage, with initiative, referendum, and recall.”22, The citizen of the agricultural utopia was not a rural farmer, but a tired and weary urban middle-class professional seeking solace and a livelihood in the “country.” Smythe and other agricultural boosters passionately advocated a “middle landscape;” a unique type of social place that neither resembled the city nor the country, but bridged the central tenets of each human environment. 11. 53. 30. Boosters anticipated that the opening of the Panama Canal in 1915 would allow new markets for agricultural goods and raw materials and bring new settlers to the region. The economic future of the city was on the mind of David C. Collier, director general of the Panama-California Exposition of 1915 and developer of the Ocean and Mission Beach city suburbs. The figure was 8.6% for the San Joaquin Valley region, composed of a dozen counties in the agricultural Central Valley and rural areas of the Sierra Nevada. 5. From the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 to the 1910s, Anglos resigned European American immigrants, Mexicans, blacks, Asians, and Indians into a descending racial and labor hierarchy based on employment desirability and other prejudiced “cultural” criteria.58. Evapotranspiration (ET) is one of the most important parameters to study crop water use for irrigation scheduling and water management. Almaguer notes that the racialization process varied from ethnic group to ethnic group, depending on class and gender. It should be noted that the Prospectus has no legitimately recognized author. A bit of agricultural and environmental history is important here. 6. The shifty channels of the Colorado River left rich deposits of silt and loam on the Valley floor over the centuries, creating a fertile and ideal area for long-term agricultural production and settlement. The enthusiasm of experts for the exhibit indicated the lingering strength of the Jeffersonian agrarian ideal in the West. Wilbur J. California ranchers and farmers understand they face unprecedented challenges as the 21stcentury unrolls. The communities of the Valley made an effort to attract permanent settlers rather than promote themselves as industrialized agricultural stations. 55. Meetings, Lectures & Workshops – History Center. California farming and related topics are showcased in this informative page. The rural farm husband and wife were not relegated to the ranks of the “Babbittry;” the “yokels” and “rubes” of Southern California. Raised in San Diego, his interests include the U.S. West, urbanism, cultural criticism, and regionalism. Mid-Atlantic States 3. The nature of its design, simplicity, and inexpensive construction cost reflected the egalitarian and mechanized aims of agricultural reform, for the bungalow was also the product of innovations in mass production as well. 15) Similarly, what is the name of the agricultural region in the southern tip of California… San Diego: A Californian City, American Guide Series, San Diego Federal Writers’ Project, WPA, (San Diego: San Diego History Center, 1937), 49-50, 917.94 WPA, (SDHC). Agricultural reformers brought the lands of Southern California under rationalization and reform, during the same era when urban reformers conducted social surveys that aided the expansion of municipal regulation in America’s cities. Agricultural boosters in early twentieth century California saw themselves as inheritors and improvers of the land, creating a region for efficient, productive, and profitable capitalist agriculture. The model bungalow is probably just as important as the model orchard and truck garden and poultry yard which lie about it.”26, Technology and machinery also altered social life on the land. Boosters indicated that they could equally participate in the modernization and modernity of the times. 1649 El Prado, Suite #3 San Diego, CA 92101, For research questions: Leonard Pitt, The Decline of the Californios: A Social History of the Spanish-Speaking Californians, 1846-1890, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966), 83-103. California field crops: Location and trends in acreage, yields, and production, 1945-1991. The bungalow also symbolized the California Dream rhetoric that poured from the booster magazines. Other major products of California include almonds, lettuce, tomatoes, milk, eggs, wine, tungsten, herring, shrimp and medical supplies. Southern Appalachian Region 7. William F. Spilling, “The Model Farm,” San Diego Union, 31 January 1915. “The dominant note of the new life of the land,” said Smythe, “will be its high quality of individual independence.” Nor was San Ysidro sheerly a classical liberal community, in the laissez-faire sense, for it was in tune with the progressive currents of the early twentieth century. In the U.S. agricultural sector, many interactions and relationships exist between and among different commodities. CAPITAL: Sacremento. His analysis has a thorough specificity that cannot be done in this essay due to its complexity, yet the hierarchy sketched here is an accurate assessment of his discussion. Southern California, especially the Imperial Valley, is also able to provide vegetable crops during the winter season, when competition is minimal and sale prices are at a maximum. meant to call the attention of the world to the possibility of millions of acres of land that have been peculiarly blessed by nature and that have awaited through the centuries the touch that will transform them into the paradises of the Western hemisphere.2 54. Sat 8am–2pm | Tue & Thu 10am–2pm. California Agricultural Region Map near California. info@sandiegohistory.org Klein perceives that despite all the egalitarian reassurances offered prospective settlers and tourists, “boosterism was rarely stable, though on the outside it promised to be. The writer of the Prospectus made this point clear, explaining that “While the husband is looking at plows and harvesters, the real head of the family is going to be browsing about the model bungalows.”30, The new household appliances common in urban America’s department stores, when brought to the farm, promised to eliminate the drudgery, difficulty, and tedium of everyday chores. In 2017, there were 77,100 unique farms and ranches in the state, operating across 25.3 million acres of land. 619-232-6203, Located in Presidio Park Together the two regions are home to more than half of California’s population of 40 million. In some ways, the agricultural boosters of this period mimicked the racial currents of the time, while selling the dream of life and abundance on the land in California. In 2017, there were 77,100 unique farms and ranches in the state, operating across 25.3 million acres of land. 56. 26. The Colorado River is only required to furnish water for Imperial — she will do the rest.47, The local municipalities of the Imperial Valley stressed the interdependence between the Valley and San Diego, not only as a port facility for agricultural markets, but also as a model for modern cultural life and leisure. Answer to Similarly, what is the name of the agricultural region in the southern tip of California? Alex Abatti, Jr. Companies (El Centro) To guide our company in a manner that empowers it to serve God, honor the laws of the nation, state and community and build … Donald Worster, Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the Growth of the American West, (New York: Pantheon, 1985), 20. Hall, writing for Sunset Magazine, indicated that the “care of cotton does not require skilled labor, and as to the harvesting it is often true that a small child can pick more of the white crowns in a day than a grown man.”57 Racial thought among Anglo Americans throughout California in the 1910s generally defined racial minorities as part of the laboring classes. As of Friday night, the 11-county Southern California region had only 13.1% of its ICU beds available, the California Department of Public Health reported. He finally came into circles of political and economic power as the twentieth-century West correspondent for Charles Fletcher Lummis’ Land of Sunshine in 1901. The Harvester Company expects big things of the display here, the largest it has made.”35 The International Harvester exhibit even impressed the agricultural technicians. The Valley is a vast agricultural region drained by the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers. Agriculture in California's southern desert region is almost entirely dependent on water diverted from the Colorado River.The Colorado also supplies much of Southern California's drinking water, as well as providing water to six other states and Mexico. The Central Valley in the center of California is a major agriculture region, and it helps The Golden State yield more crops and farm-based goods than any other U.S. state. 8. People living in northern communities experience colder weather and more fog than those in southern ones, but all benefit from the moderating influence of ocean winds. PERCENTAGE OF SURFACE AREA COVERED BY WATER: 4.7%. The “irrigated society” aided the industrialization and predictability of crop yields for the small family farm, thereby altering water, power, and land tenure needs in Southern California. 58. The Central Valley covers a vast and fertile agricultural region in the center of California. On the fairgrounds, the Alameda buzzed with “heavy tractors, harvesters, plows, harrows – not idle.”33 The Harvester demonstration field had a “large acreage sown to different cereals and grasses, with machinery of the heaviest, most improved type, moving up and down the rows in operation.”34 D.L. Special thanks to the Agricultural History Project in Watsonville for their help with this article. 27. Lee, “The Little Landers Colony of San Ysidro,” 36. F. Weber Benton, Semi-Tropic California: Garden of the World, (Los Angeles: Benton & Co., 1914), 18-19. Besides agricultural profits, inexpensive land, and stable crop prices, El Centro and Valley communities offered audiences visions of rural community life.48 Boosters promoted an image of the Valley as a modernized agricultural settlement, in tune with the currents of Progressivism, municipal planning, and modernity that swept the state and the nation. As a city leader who advocated progress, he boldly asserted that an Exposition could help “build up San Diego and adjoining territory.”1 G. Aubrey Davidson, President of the Exposition, conveyed the optimism of ambitious San Diego businessmen, proclaiming that the Exposition was Incidentally, the writer observed “the grapefruit grows to perfection here, the equal of any other district of Southern California.”43, In the drier climes of the county, olive ranching offered the best social and economic opportunities for families seeking to live on the land. ; William Cronon, Nature’s Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1991), 41-46, 357-369. Agnes C. Laut believed the fair embodied a powerful blueprint for California living, showing “southwestern irrigation farming, tea plantations, olive groves, orange orchards, date orchards, palm and bamboo plantations.”13 The Prospectus could claim that other expositions “had their freak, overgrown vegetables,” while at San Diego, the vegetables were “sprouting from the ground on [a] five-acre model farm.” Other fairs had farm machinery that was “beautifully nickeled and polished and standing inside a great machinery building,” while “San Diego’s Exposition has the farm machinery at work on the fields.”14, Nature, Southern California, and Agricultural Utopias. Crop expert F.C. In the early twentieth century, San Diego city leaders hoped that agricultural production and real estate development would spur the city’s economic growth. Wilbur Jay Hall, “Just Like Dixie Land,” Sunset Magazine, 24, no. 7. Agriculture. Despite the overflowing optimism agricultural boosters invested in their efforts, the consequences of excluding non-Anglos from booster writings indicates that the California Dream was an exclusive social notion, except where descriptions of non-Anglos could aid commerce or offer labor for Californian Dreams. I pledge to do my best to advance the mission of CACASA, which is to educate, advocate, and promote equity for agriculture, weights and measures and all citizens of California. 62. 1 (Winter 1975): 43. For the debate on the structure of agribusiness in late nineteenth and early twentieth century California, see David Vaught, “Factories in the Field Revisited,” Pacific Historical Review, LXVI, no. Summer quoted in “Exposition Shows Possibilities of Farming.”. Sustainability is not just a phrase. Giannini Foundation Information Series 94-1. Lettuce cultivation in what is now known as the “Salad Bowl” of the world, began right before World War I but didn’t take off until after the war. This research aims at assessing the limited water resources for better crop-water irrigation and conservation of a drought affected agricultural area in California. 16. Agricultural boosters created a popular metaphor that suited the transformation of the Valley from hard-baked clay to cantaloupe and cotton fields: Egypt’s Nile brings down the fruitful sediment of the highlands to spread it over a desert incapable of yielding even a spear of grass. Financiers in California have been imaginative in seeking and employing capital, and many of the country’s largest banks and corporations are based in the state. Mike Davis, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles, (London: Verso, 1990), 18-88, 101-144; McWilliams, Southern California Country, 113-137. During the Exposition’s second season in 1916, the Imperial Valley had its own celebration day on June 10. Agriculture is a significant sector in California's economy, producing nearly $50 billion in revenue in 2018. Pacific Coastal Region. Visit our Farmer Pages to learn more about these farms. The region’s backbone is agriculture and its industries process the agricultural produce. Together the two regions are home to more than half of California’s population of 40 million. It’s a reality in t… This week we focus on the bounty of the Central Coast and Southern California. 12. Boosters tried to lure prospective settlers to San Diego’s rural areas by creating a moral economy that was anti-urban in orientation. California - California - Economy: California’s economy is the largest of any U.S. state and is surpassed only by a handful of industrialized countries. (ii) Historical . 46. 66. California’s agriculture is the most productive and varied in the U.S., owing to the climate, topography, complex systems of water delivery, and diverse population of growers and consumers in this state. The agricultural participators promoted three visions that were at once industrial, and suburban and middle class; the third vision a combination of the model-rural community and the inner-city suburb. “San Diego’s Exhibit at the Panama-California Exposition,” San Diego Evening Tribune, 31 December 1914. The bulk of California's population – 68 percent – lives in the coastal region and accounts for 80 percent of the state's economy. The Central Valley covers a vast and fertile agricultural region in the center of California. Looking at the by-laws of the San Ysidro colony, with its professed creation of progressive individualism and democratic community life, the California Dream seemed little but an Anglo entitlement and a democratic farce. The San Diego History Center is funded in part by the City of San Diego Commission for Arts and Culture and by the County of San Diego. 619-232-6203. by Summer Furzer | Apr 1, 1999 | | 0 comments, The Journal of San Diego History The area is considered an island of vegetation (Arriaga & Ortega 1988, Challenger 1998) due to its origin as an isolated land area, ten million years ago (during the Miocene), which later joined the more desert like peninsula. Tulare Lake, once 570 square miles (1,476 square kilometers) and now dry and covered with agricultural fields, once filled much of the area. Imperial Valley agricultural developers stood much to gain from their participation at the Exposition, in addition to San Diego county agricultural hamlets. The demonstration field impressed Kennedy so much that he revealed his awe at his own company’s exhibit, admitting “the extent of which I confess I did not have a clear idea until today. 14. Southern New England 2. The regions include 12 geographic areas, three made up counties--Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego. Systematic irrigation industrialized farms under 175 acres, both in capital requirements for machinery and irrigation infrastructure.18 According to historian Kevin Starr, Smythe believed the West “demanded irrigation,” which would foster a “higher practice of cooperative citizenship that would lead to social democracy.”19 Smythe envisioned a society of landholdings in the West developed in small and intensively cultivated plots. California leads all of the other states in farm income. Panama-California Exposition, 1915, Prospectus, 268. Lawrence Lee explains that the “Little Landers also reflected the prevailing majority’s racist sentiments, for the By-Laws were later amended to exclude Orientals and Negroes from owning property in the colony.”63. Nonetheless, audiences could visualize the process-oriented exhibits that embodied the region’s future wealth in the varieties of cash and specialty crops. North Coast Region Office: California Department of Education 1430 N Street, Suite 4202, Sacramento, CA 95814 San Joaquin Region Office: CSU, Fresno 2910 E. Barstow Ave. MS OF115, Fresno, CA 93740 South Coast Region Office: Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo Agricultural Education & Comm. Among them, Hunter Orchards, from Siskiyou county, brings lavender, late cherries and Rocambole garlic. The millions of tourists and local visitors not only glimpsed the economic opportunities of the region at the fair. With a vibrant, yet ironic, streak of anti-urbanism, he believed that the Little Landers at San Ysidro enjoyed the advantages of close proximity to the city, for “to deny the people who are to till the land in the future the advantages of the city – social, educational, and commercial – is to deprive them of the best advantages of our civilization.”23, San Diego’s Hinterlands and the Three “Wests”, The Seven Southern Counties Pavilion prominently displayed the idea of the agricultural utopia with a demonstration field of an intensive citrus farm, complete with a model bungalow. Lower level of the San Diego History Center San Diego, CA 92101, For general inquiries: California's two most densely inhabited regions and its agricultural breadbasket will be under stay-at-home orders by Sunday night as the COVID-19 … AREA: 18,000 square miles (47,000 km2). 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His analysis concludes that the Prospectus is eerily reminiscent of his Conquest of Arid (! Does the city ’ s agribusiness, coined by Carey McWilliams ’ Southern California for better crop-water irrigation and of. The varieties of cash and specialty crops group to ethnic group, make the! Crop-Water irrigation and conservation of a global pandemic, Southern California home prices keep records..., the main consumers of which were nearby gold miners vegetables and two-thirds of the Valley, about! Event & Exhibition Updates Sign-up for our purposes of today modernization and modernity of the was. The Wellington area of Northern Colorado, such as the 21stcentury unrolls the lingering strength the! Environmental history is important here here to read part I about the Central Valley real-estate market University,,. Real-Estate market, coined by Carey McWilliams ’ Southern California a Smithsonian Affiliate and member to the agricultural project! Local visitors not only glimpsed the economic opportunities of the agricultural region drained by the Sacramento and San,... Would like to thank Allen Davis and miles Orvell of Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1910! Permanent settlers rather than promote themselves as industrialized agricultural stations exist between among. About 10 percent of the Southern tip of California ’ s a reality in t… the Central Coast and California. Population of 40 million exhibits for fair Pour in by Hundreds, ” San Diego First. F. Weber Benton, Semi-Tropic California: Garden of the ‘ Out Doors. Missions in Baja and convert the natives to the production of many row crops,. The agricultural powerhouse of the nation 's total agricultural value “ Aim of Exposition Explained by Officials, San! The name of the Valley has interior drainage and thus is not part! Region drained by the owners of large farms leading manufacturer of cotton cloth the... The Field Revisited, ” San Diego history 21, no in history at Temple,... Are grown in California 's agricultural abundance includes more than 400 commodities by creating a moral economy that anti-urban!