Protestant denominations differ in the degree to which they reject Catholic belief and practice. Distinguishing Characteristics and Development, Protestantism: Distinguishing Characteristics and Development. Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) was the most influential figure of the Reformation. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. Protestantism is a movement within the broader Church of our Lord Jesus Christ that is fueled by a preeminent concern for a personal relationship with God through Jesus Christ according to Scripture. Protestantism fast facts and introduction, Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, James C. Spalding, Roland H. Bainton, W. Owen Chadwick, E. Clifford Nelson, Martin E. Marty. There are approximately 500 million Protestants in the world.[^2517397]. The most prevalent religion in the U.S. is Christianity. | About Us | How to Cite | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Advertising Info. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. After a series of European religious wars in the 16th and 17th centuries, and especially in the 19th century, … Justification by faith alone’ or Sola Fide in Latin is at the core of the new Lutheran ethic. The chief characteristics of original Protestantism were the acceptance of the Bible as the only source of infallible revealed truth, the belief in the universal priesthood of all believers, and the doctrine that a Christian is justified in his relationship to God by faith alone, not by good works or dispensations of the church. Perhaps the bottom-line difference (among many) is that Catholics — the church I was raised in and left — believe in salvation by a combination of faith and works. CHARLES DARWIN: His work On the Origin of Species (1859) undermined the religious and biblical beliefs and led to the emergence of new ideas that challenged the old beliefs. FOUNDED: 1517 c.e. The pope. Protestantism encompasses numerous denominational groups, including Lutherans, Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Pentecostals and Evangelicals. The origin of both doctrines dates back approximately to the sixteenth century. While important, this alone cannot explain the need to pursue profit. There are more than 2,000 Protestant denominations offering a wide range of beliefs, from extremely liberal to mainline to ultra-conservative, and those that include characteristics on both ends. His century-old claim that the Protestant work ethic led to the development of capitalism has been one of the most important and controversial topics in the sociology of religion. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. Christianity: Protestantism. Unlike Catholic and Orthodox Christianity, Protestant Christianity usually has no Apostolic Succession. Protestant fundamentalism is a religious fundamentalist movement in North American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism [W] and which emphasized that the Bible is literally true both as a moralguide and as a historical record. All rights reserved. Protestantism is the religious tradition of Western Christianity that rejects the authority of the pope of Rome. Historically, the start of the Reformation is marked by Martin Luther nailing his All rights reserved. In 1517 Luther nailed his 95 theses to a door of the nearby Schlosskirche, helping to spark the Protestant Reformation. The chief characteristics of original Protestantism were the acceptance of the Bible as the only source of infallible revealed truth, the belief in the universal priesthood of all believers, and the doctrine that a Christian is justified in his relationship to God by faith alone, not by good works or dispensations of the church. 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