There are two different kind of roles: groups and users. I have an audit requirement to query all roles granted to users; listed by user. In PostgreSQL, the database administrator can create multiple groups and add different users to different groups which helps him to manage the users properly while grating and revoking permissions. But Postgres is a large database management package. Roles are different from traditional Unix-style permissions in that there is no distinction between users and groups. Roles can own database objects (for example, tables) and can assign privileges on those objects to other roles to control who has access to which objects. PostgreSQL (or simply "postgres") manages permissions through the concept of "roles". For example: Username Roles user1 role1_rw, role2_ro, rol3_rw user2 role2_rw I cannnot use psql meta-commands as this result set will be merged with some other queries to do analysis of the grants. Query below returns list of users in current database. Adding an existing user to a database. Permissions for database access within PostgreSQL are handled with the concept of a role, which is akin to a user. user_id - id of the user; usename - user name Query select usesysid as user_id, usename as username, usesuper as is_superuser, passwd as password_md5, valuntil as password_expiration from pg_shadow order by usename; Columns. Following are the most commonly used PostgreSQL user-related meta commands: The \du command will show all of the existing PostgreSQL users. Again the simplest way to connect as the postgres user is to change to the postgres unix user on the database server using su command as follows: # su - postgres. By running psql postgres in your terminal, you’ll automatically login with your macOS username to PostgreSQL, therefore accessing the role created. If a user is created with the INHERIT property set, it will inherit permissions from the groups it belongs to. Our environment is now prepared and we can begin learning about how PostgreSQL handles permissions. Users and groups can belong to groups; The only difference is that users can be used to log-in to a database. For most kinds of obj ... To allow other roles or users to use it, privileges or permission must be granted. PostgreSQL manages database access permissions using the concept of roles.A role can be thought of as either a database user, or a group of database users, depending on how the role is set up. PostgreSQL Permission Concepts. There are no users in PostgreSQL, just roles. The \du __user_name__ command will list a specific username, if it exists. When first installing PostgreSQL on macOS, the script created a role with your macOS username, with a list of permissions granted. Roles can represent groups of users in the PostgreSQL ecosystem as well. The create role __rolename__ meta command will create a role against an existing PostgreSQL username. For example if the privilege is =Tc/postgres then all roles may connect and create temporary tables in that particular database and it is the postgres user who granted the privilege. The owner is usually the one who executed the creation statement. You need to login as database super user under postgresql server. To grant an existing user privileges to a database, follow these steps: PostgreSQL users that have permission to create databases can do so from their own accounts by typing the following command, where dbname is the name of the database to create: createdb dbname . PostgreSQL establishes the capacity for roles to assign privileges to database objects they own, enabling access and actions to those objects. Step #3: Now connect to database server. The folder C:\Users\postgres will be the profile folder for a user named "postgres". PostgreSQL - PRIVILEGES - Whenever an object is created in a database, an owner is assigned to it. 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