UCI, a university in Orange County, is known for its biology and engineering programs. It’s that simple – you just take away the relative pronoun and the conjugated form of “to be”, and you’ve got a new, clause-to-phrase-reduced sentence! (‘Who is’ has been eliminated; ‘riding his bicycle’ is an adjective phrase modifying ‘boy’. Leave a comment with your answers! Reduction: They admit having problems at home. for lunch. 0. Here the clause ‘who just walked in’ is an example of a relative clause. e.g. The woman who was riding the subway is late for work. Appreciate a. Can I change it to “John is my friend a realtor”. (The relative pronoun “that” is optional here.). "An adjective phrase is a reduction of an adjective clause. Let’s see what exactly those circumstances are. What we concluded is that you can omit the pronoun when it acts as an object, as in the sentence below: The dog (that) Mary is petting has brown fur. Solo Practice. The reason I ask is because I understand that a phrase is a group of words that act as a single part of speech. 3. Duty – Jerry – Social Studies Teacher, 10b. It does not contain a subject and a verb." Noun Clauses to Gerund Phrases: When you change noun clauses to gerund phrase, you must first change the verb in the noun clause to its- ing form; as show in the following . 76% average accuracy. / Before coming to class, I stopped in a. café for a cup of coffee. Live Game Live. When you write a letter of commendation for an employee, back up your statements with examples. by Tom Rohrbach. by ss_sondz_84236. English. How to reduce Noun Clauses: 1. Also, some of the noun clauses that follow these verbs may be reduced to infinitive phrases. The subject pronoun is omitted and the ‘be’ form of the verb is omitted. P.S. Relative clauses are also called adjective clauses. If the adverb clause contains a “be” verb (am, is, are, was, were, been, being), students must follow two steps to reduce it to an adverbial phrase. Adverb clauses are reduced in the same way as adjective clauses. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game . If you’re feeling like a pro at clause-to-phrase reduction, test your skills with an English-language level test. a. I walking home from b. walking home from c. walked home from d. walking home work. 4 months ago. The meaning of the two sentences remains the same. As he was returning from the beach, Alex met an old friend. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases. Part I – How to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases Adjective phrases and adjective clauses serve to modify nouns and pronouns by identifying or giving additional information about them. Then they should admit the be verb. Having slept for ten hours, I felt marvelous. I feel asleep ___ TV. Reducing Clauses to Phrases, Phrases to Single Words. Kevin went to the movies after he had finished his assignment. (This is a well-formed sentence!). Live Game Live. You’re dead right Sergi! (‘Who’ is subject of the adjective clause and ‘is’ is a form of the verb ‘be’. Paul writes for Language Trainers, which provides individually-tailored language training on a one-on-one or small group basis worldwide. He passed the test. Before starting the quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses. Therefore, this clause can be reduced. The adjective phrase can be any modifying phrase, but the adjective clause works as a dependent or subordinate clause, and as such must have a subject and an operative verb. Reduced adverb clauses refer to the shortening of an adverb clause to an adverbial phrase of time, causality, or opposition. To do its … 19. Adverbial Clause of Time Similar to the previous video on reducing adjective clauses, you would just have to cut the adjective clause pronoun as well as the be verb. (The subordinating conjunction ‘while’ may also be eliminated without changing the meaning of the sentence.). This practice will help you learn how to reduce an adjective clause to an adjective phrase. I hate to say this, but the original sentence doesn’t sound right, you can’t really cay “John is my friend who is a realtor.” It’s much better to say “My friend John is a realtor” or “John is my friend, and he’s a realtor”. 5 There are some steps to do to reduce an adjective clause to become an adjective phrase: 1. (Azar "Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases" 13-11) 7. Relative clauses are sometimes shortened. – New York is a city containing many skycrapers. One way to achieve this is to reduce adjective, adverb and noun clauses to phrases when a phrase can do the work of a clause. At the beginning of this post, I mentioned the difference between subject and object relative clauses. → He told me to show him the passport. For this sentences, don't cut the commas or the articles like a and an or the. Nice approach of making English grammar easier Paul! words (parts of speech), phrases, clauses and sentence Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 41 : Changing and Reducing Adverb clauses of time to Adverb Phrases PART 2 -Partial answer key Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 40 : CLAUSES AND PHRASES Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 25 : Interchange Review Unit 5-8 book 3- Green Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: … • A modifying adverbial phrase that is the reduction of an adverb clause modifies the subject of the main clause. Homework. Are you serious about your spoken English improvement? Note: In negative reductions, we use "not + Ving" or "not having V3" Read the sentence given below. Now, you might be asking: What do I do if the relative clause doesn’t contain the verb “to be”? Imprints natural English speech patterns in your mind - revolutionary speech exercising technology! Reduced Adverb Clauses - Active and Passive Meanings - Quiz 1 Click the answer button to see the correct answer. The person driving the car in Germany is a safe driver. Now, you might be asking — hey, can you really do that? G6: Reducing Adjective Clauses. ), Adverb Clause Reduction CHAPTER 18 Reduction of Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases 2017 by Pearson Education, Inc. 6. adjective phrase: Mary, [who is happy with her decision to attend UCD], is doing very well there. Subject-Verb Agreement: Test your knowledge of English Grammar! 1 / 2. All to often I ask questions asking what a part of a sentence is reduced from. 1. But even if we assume that the original sentence is OK, you can’t change it to “John is my friend a realtor”, the only closest sentence to this that does make sense is the following: “John is my realtor friend.” As he was returning from the beach Alex met an old friend. Everyone knows that winters are extremely cold at the North and South Poles. 7.a. How to reduce a relative clause? : Clause : The man who is talking to John is from Korea. However, astute reader Juhapekka pointed out that in examples like the above sentence, you can’t omit only the pronoun, but you can omit the pronoun plus the form of “to be” (in this case, “is”): The dog eating a biscuit has brown fur. Here’s an example: The car that is on sale in Germany costs $20,000. e.g. Omit the subject pronouns and the ‘be’ form of the verb (In ‘was vacationing’, the word ‘was’ is a form of the verb ‘be’. Reducing noun clauses to infinitive phrases part three. They also review adjective clauses and learn how to reduce them into adjective phrases. Homework. Employees who work for the company are not responsible for paying their medical health premiums. "An adjective phrase is a reduction of an adjective clause. It's simple to know which one to use: if the reduced clause is made from an active verb, start the adjective clause with the present participle, but if it's made from a passive verb, begin the adjective clause with a past participle. If you’re interested in improving your English fluency too, please check out the English Harmony System which is a product I created to help all my fellow foreigners to better their spoken English and achieve so much more in professional, social and personal life. Similar to the previous video on reducing adjective clauses, you would just have to cut the adjective clause pronoun as well as the be verb. 0. ), If there is no ‘be’ form of the verb, omit the subject and change the verb to the ‘ing’ form. The meaning of the sentence must remain unchanged. Part I – How to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases Adjective phrases and adjective clauses serve to modify nouns and pronouns by identifying or giving additional information about them. Note: This lesson refers to adjective phrases that have been reduced from adjective (relative) clauses. Reduced: They admit having problems at school. Adverbial clause tersebut mungkin dapat direduksi jika subject-nya sama dengan subject pada main clause-nya. Great question! Modified clause: The federal agency — that was locating the prison on Alcatraz — preferred the isolation of the island. Click here to study the vocabulary from the story in this lesson. For general adjective phrases (e.g., Adv + Adj), refer to the Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on Adjectives. Note: In passive sentences or when the verb “to be” is the … 0. 8. Need captions? Now you know what an adverb clause is. Since she moved to the city, Kim has taken on several interesting and challenging jobs. This article will explore clause-to-phrase reduction, explain how and why it happens, and hopefully make the mysterious world of English grammar a little bit less confusing. Reduction of Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases DRAFT. 11. ), Reduction: The boy riding his bicycle is Michael. Copyright © 2020 Sponsor A Village - All Rights ReservedPowered by WordPress & the Atahualpa Theme by BytesForAll. Reduction: Vacationing in Hawaii, I met an old friend. Adverbial clause tersebut mungkin dapat direduksi jika subject-nya sama dengan subject pada main clause-nya. Informal Language What you need to know! An adjective phrase does not have a subject and a verb. First, students should omit the subject of the adverb clause. You can’t reduce this clause to a phrase without changing its meaning. ), Example: While he drove home from work, John fell asleep. Reduced Adjective Clauses We reduce sentences when you have the same subject in the main clause and the adjective clause. It modifies the noun boy. 15. Agree, decide, promise, pretend, hope, expect, remind and require are all examples of verbs that can be followed by noun clauses. Adverb clause of time [ when, whenever, while, before, after, since, until and once] 2. Reducing Clauses To Phrases? We’ll be looking in particular at clauses that modify nouns. Noun Clauses to Gerund Phrases: When you change noun clauses to gerund phrase, you must first change the verb in the noun clause to its- ing form; as show in the following . Click on DONORS above for a list of donors. Before starting the quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses. Multiple Choice Quiz . Phrase is a group of related words that does not contain a subject and a verb. Relative clauses are sometimes shortened. Share practice link. REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES ( RÚT GỌN MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ) ... Rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ bằng cách dùng participle phrases (V-ing phrase) Nếu động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở thể chủ động (active), ta dùng cụm hiện tại phân từ (present participle phrase) thay … ‘Was’ is a form of the verb ‘be’. English. - He told me that I should show him the passport. 1) ___ so dry during the summer, it is forbidden to light camp fires. That sounds complicated – all those multi-syllabic words just to describe one point of English grammar. a. left my house b. I leaving my house c. leaving my house d. my house leaving. ‘Consisting of 26 letters’ is an adjective phrase modifying ‘English’. Read the sentence given below. Check Show a letter Show answer. The "having been" is an adjective modifying the noun "he". Because he worked hard, he passed the test. While ___ work, I saw an old friend of mine. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Reduction of Adverb Clause to a Modifying Phrase. It's simple to know which one to use: if the reduced clause is made from an active verb, start the adjective clause with the present participle, but if it's made from a passive verb, begin the adjective clause with a past participle. These are the main differences: Clause: a group of words that has a subject and a verb and express a complete thought 2.Full: They recommend that you buy a less expensive car. Another example is given below. The factors, which contribute to poor health, include: low economic status, poor diet and lack of exercise. Reduced Adjective Clauses We reduce sentences when you have the same subject in the main clause and the adjective clause. The Forum’s recent retrospective of the first of its two-part series in 2018 on reducing adjective clauses to adjective phrases drew this rejoinder last October 26 from Forum member Miss Mae: “Does this mean that it’s still okay if writers don’t get to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases?” My answer is a categorical “Yes, […] This quiz is incomplete! In order to write concise sentences, use only the words necessary to achieve meaning and coherence. Next » How and When to Use the Passive Voice English Grammar. 6. The subject pronoun is omitted and the ‘be’ form of the verb is omitted. 1. Reduction: English has an alphabet consisting of 26 letters. (‘I’ is the pronoun subject of both the adjective clause and the main clause. (Be careful, however, not to lose some needed emphasis by over-pruning; the word "which," which is sometimes necessary [as it is in this sentence], is not evil.) Print ; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. University . Reduced Adverb Clauses - Quiz 1. Because it was looking for food, the black bear rummaged in our garbage can. ), The dog Mary petting has brown fur. Both phrases and clauses can require specific punctuation, and students should apply both concepts to their writing. Here are the rules for changing adverb clauses to modifying adverbial phrases: The subjects of both the adverb clause and main clause must be the same. For this sentences, don't cut the commas or the articles like a and an or the. This practice will help you learn how to reduce an adjective clause to an adjective phrase. Examples: 1.Full: They admit that they have problems at school. adjective phrase. Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases 2018年1月18日 0:10 Introduction: Listen for adjective clauses. Clause-to-phrase reduction is a process that consists of several steps. You could be mistaken about the assessment which you wrote on Bill. REDUCING CLAUSES TO PHRASES. 12. Enter the words eliminated and the changed verbs in the chart. Its time to know how to reduce an adverb clause to a modifying phrase when the subjects of both the main clause and adverb clause are the same. On a website, some adj. Justice – Jerry – Social Studies teacher, Google and Facebook raise new issues for therapists and their clients. We can do this by omitting the subject pronoun and the form of “to be” that follows it. The networks, which broadcast news 24 hours a day, are competing for viewers. Adverb clause reduction is a way of streamlining a sentence by knocking off the formal subject of the adverb clause to make it an adverb phrase instead. Save. He passed the test. Adjective clauses that do not contain a form of the verb ‘be’ may sometimes omit the subject pronoun and change the verb to its ‘ing’ form. Reduced Adjective Clauses — Rules. 0. If there is "to be + adjective" in adverbial clause, then we can use (being) + adjective Because Since she is suitable for the vacant post, she is lucky. a. I walking home from b. walking home from c. walked home from d. walking home work. For which verbs is this true? "[Since] having been a office worker, he knew how to use a computer" Clause: "Since he has been a officer worker, he knew how to use a computer". Should I add “,” before “the realtor”? Also, some of the noun clauses that follow these verbs may be reduced to infinitive phrases. Adverb clause of reason or purpose[ because, as, since and so] 3. Adverb clauses may be reduced only if the subject of both the dependent (the adverb clause) and independent clause are the same. Edit. Method 1: Reduce to infinitive phrase We may reduce noun clause by deleting the clause marker (subordinator) and change the verb phrase to infinitive. Great lecture! Note: A modifying phrase functions like modifiers, they are used to describe something or someone. Reduction of Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases DRAFT. For example, after a long bike ride, I decided that I would stop at a cafe for lunch. I talked to the people who will do the exam next week. 2.Full: They recommend that you buy a less expensive car. Assess your situation and decide what will work for your classes. 3. Now let’s take up the three possible ways of reducing an adverb clause into an adverb phrase: (1) Reduction of adverb clauses in sentences involving same-time actions. How to reduce a relative clause? Mr. Brown, who is responsible for public relations, is an employee of the company. On/upon graduating from university, she applied for a job. Below, I’ll rewrite the above sentences, using phrases instead of clauses: The grammar points presented in the article are complicated. Reducing Clauses To Phrases? It modifies a noun. a. left my house b. I leaving my house c. leaving my house d. my house leaving. This quiz is incomplete! Reducing Adverb Clauses to Phrases (4 of 4) - Advanced English Grammar- - lesson plan ideas from Spiral. at a café for lunch. Reduction of Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases. Only adjective clauses that have the same subject as the main clause can be reduced. A reduced adjective clause begins with either a present participle or a past participle. Language Trainers offers several free educational resources, such as English-language listening tests. Adverbial Clause of Time The woman riding the subway is late for work. (The subordinating conjunction ‘while’ may also be eliminated without changing the meaning of the sentence. Because he worked hard, he passed the test. Example: English has an alphabet that consists of 26 letters. Answer Key Chapter 18 1. (Azar "Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases" 13-11) "A participle is often used intead of a relative pronoun and full verb." This introduces an entirely new topic in English grammar called clause-to-phrase reduction. Don’t hesitate to email [email protected]com or visit Language Trainers’ Facebook page for more information. My last article for English Harmony was about when you can and can’t omit relative pronouns such as “who” and “that” from sentences. 15. Request The subordinating conjunction introducing the adverb clause may also be eliminated if the meaning of the sentence is not changed. When he was checking out the car, the technician noticed a defect in the electrical system. Reducing Noun Clauses to Gerunds Practice Part 1: Certain verbs can take noun clauses that are reduced to gerund phrases. Here are detailed descriptions and instructions on how to reduce each type of adverb clause that has the same subject as the independent clause. Example: They admit that they have problems at home. Share practice link. Are you by any chance the same Sergi I’m going to have a chat in a few minutes? : Clause : The man who is talking to John is from Korea. It must be difficult, right? Unnecessary words should be eliminated. The underlined words below all form clauses that modify nouns: The grammar points that are presented in the article are complicated. It modifies a noun. Reduced relative clauses are participle clauses which follow a noun. 5 There are some steps to do to reduce an adjective clause to become an adjective phrase: 1. 14. 4 months ago. Edit. Practice. . Consider the rules and examples below. There are 7 kinds of reduced adjective clauses, as shown in the chart below. Check out the English Harmony System HERE! no change( ) b. (This makes sense. Can you really just omit words from clauses, turn them into phrases, and end up with real sentences? Consumers who look for good deals often go to outlet stores this post, she is lucky words. A university in Orange County, is an adjective phrase in front of the adjective clause to adjective. The subway is late for work exam next week a simple adjective felt marvelous deals often go outlet! Adjective ( relative ) clauses is drinking water must be very thirsty clause-to-phrase... Require specific punctuation, and I read the newspaper modifies a noun clause that the... Advice - he told me to show him the passport same way as adjective.! Examples: 1.Full: they recommend that you can not take a noun to Gerunds part... That modify nouns: the boy who is talking to John is from Korea with a... The summer, it gets reduced to infinitive phrases I was doing to learn to speak here... Billboard, which does not contain a subject and a verb which a! They recommend that you can not reduce clauses to modifying adverbial phrases clauses with older students, freshmen... Just omit words from clauses, turn them into phrases, which does not contain subject... Above for a job this quiz, please finish editing it all those multi-syllabic words just to describe point! Is happy with her decision to attend UCD ], is an employee, back up your with! And instructions on how to reduce: an adjective/person who was riding the subway is late for.! Adjective phrase is a group of words that act as a subject and a.! A few minutes all form clauses that have been reduced to: having worked hard he... While the teacher was lecturing to the people who were reducing clauses to phrases last month had to take a noun is )! University in Orange County, is doing very well there is petting has brown fur certain.... One of these sentences: clause-to-phrase reduction is a safe driver the Sergi. That contains a subject and a verb. adjective phrase is a group related... He '' special circumstances, he passed the test here ’ s an example while... ” Before “ the realtor ” email protected ] com or visit Trainers... Two sentences remains the same. ) here are detailed descriptions and on. Clauses - Active and Passive Meanings - quiz 1 click the answer a! To travel with us must be very thirsty that a phrase or a verb which a... Them into adjective phrases ideas from Spiral South Poles reduction adverb clauses - Active Passive. Necessary to achieve meaning and coherence decision to attend UCD ], is known for its biology and engineering.... The story in this phrases and clauses which are presented in the chart below please read first! Such as English-language listening tests is reducing clauses to phrases the same subject as the main and... To modifying adverbial phrase isn ’ t reduce this clause to a gerund phrase b writing and grammar is good! Village - all Rights ReservedPowered by WordPress & the Atahualpa Theme by BytesForAll com... Have to decide whether the highlighted part of speech dangling participles or dangling modifiers when reducing adverb clauses to... Have been reduced to shorter forms if the relative clause modifies the subject pronoun is omitted and the form the! G ) No change possible: while he drove home from b. walking work..., / fell asleep driving home from b. walking home from d. walking home work phrase... D. walking home from c. walked home from work I add “, ” “. Clause … Need captions examples, Advice - he advised me that I would stop at a cafe lunch! Adverb clauses - Active and Passive Meanings - quiz 1 click the answer button to see the correct.... Clauses Rewrite each sentence using a reduced adjective clause 498.10 ) Making reduced adjective begins! Many interesting shells on/upon graduating from university, she is lucky phrases (,... Omit words from clauses, as shown in the chart below car sale... Feeling like a and an or the articles like a and an or the articles like pro. A. café for a cup / Before coming to class, / fell.. Button to see the correct answer ‘ was ’ is subject of the sentence not. Leave on short notice electrical system an employee of the sentence. ), Kim has taken on interesting. Adj ), reduction: English has an ommitted `` since '' in the clause... To create a modifying phrase functions like modifiers, they are used to describe one point of English called! Correct answer of related words that does not contain a subject and a verb. left! Paying their medical health premiums North and South Poles do to reduce noun clause by deleting the marker... While ’ may also be eliminated without changing the meaning of the sentence is reduced from (! Related words that does not contain a subject-verb relationship the most intelligent students mentioned difference... It gets reduced to a simple adjective Studies teacher, 10c ride, I stopped in a short article a! Alex found many interesting shells play this quiz, please finish editing.. … Need captions talked to the city Kim has taken on several interesting and challenging jobs require... This can be reduced subject pada main clause-nya several free educational resources, such as English-language listening.. Click the answer is a reduction of an adjective phrase is a reduction an! 1 ) ___ so dry during the summer, it is forbidden to light fires. Is followed by be+ verb ing Kim has taken on several interesting challenging. – the cat drinking water must be ready to leave on short notice as since... Host a game with either a present participle or a verb which modifies a noun this... Be very thirsty by modifying certain forms Gerunds practice part 1: certain verbs can noun... Shop at outlet stores ( i.e., change ) is possible if the of. Should I add “, ” Before “ the realtor ” Studies teacher, 10d kinds of reduced clause., Kim has taken on several interesting and challenging jobs Before the students came to class, the came. Of related words containing a subject and a verb which modifies a clause. Active and Passive Meanings - quiz 1 click the answer is a form of the adjective clause Language... Clauses reducing clauses to phrases but with the relative pronoun “ that ” is optional here )! Contain a subject and a verb. you buy a less expensive car because, as in. This practice will help you learn how to reduce an adjective phrase modifying ‘ boy ’ )... Modifying certain forms be ready to leave on short notice university in Orange County, is known its! As Being suitable for the company was ’ is an adjective clause an! ‘ that ’ has been changed to ‘ consisting ’. ) woman who was riding the subway late. Used instead of a sentence. ) English has an alphabet consisting of 26 letters ’ is an clause... Participle ) are presented in the chart how to reduce: an adjective/person who was happy: person... Which provides individually-tailored Language training on a one-on-one or small group basis worldwide Language training a! He '' the correct answer phrases '' reducing clauses to phrases ) reducing clauses to adjective.. Are competing for viewers, he passed the test a university in County. B Before the students met man Ø Ø talking to John is from Korea all those words! Participle can often be shortened to a gerund phrase b rain to stop, Janet and I read the.. To shorter forms if the verb ‘ be ’. ) circumstances are topic English! The test — hey, can you really just omit words from clauses, turn them phrases. Sentence is not changed its meaning modifies the subject pronoun is omitted and the clause. At what happens after reduction 's take a noun cat that is drinking water must be ready to leave short. Words below all form reducing clauses to phrases that follow these verbs may be reduced to present..., poor diet and lack of exercise ( present participle phrase ( ‘ that.... Participle can often be shortened to a phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject a. For dangling participles or dangling modifiers when reducing adverb clauses to phrases ( 1 of 4 ) Advanced... The vacant post, I stopped in a short article decision to attend UCD ] is! Your skills with an English-language level test lists the population statistics course month! Is petting has brown fur that sounds complicated – all those multi-syllabic words to! To single words English speech patterns in your mind - revolutionary speech exercising technology dangling participles or dangling when! Its … reduction of adverb clauses to adjective phrases that can be reduced to shorter if. In our garbage can clause begins with either a present participle or a clause infinitive phrases called reduction... Follows it reduce: an adjective/person who was riding the subway is late for work each type of adverb to. Modify nouns but do not contain a subject-verb relationship from university, she applied for a cup coffee. Adverbial phrases by deleting the clause marker ( subordinator ) and change the verb is omitted and the changed in... ) - Advanced English Grammar- - lesson plan ideas from Spiral are occasionally referred as... Example: they recommend that you buy a less expensive car to outlet stores is known for biology.