Some of the combat accomplishments were quite amazing. Furthermore, he managed to keep his Macedonians from bickering and plotting too much against each other – not bad when leading a people among whom political assassinations was practically a standard procedure and every ascension on the throne was followed by the killing of all those opposed and all rival claimants. Many generals perhaps had genius, but none had Alexander’s bravado. Titles: King of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shahanshah of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt and Lord of Asia Alexander, For the age in which they lived they were by far the most advanced technological and militarial civilization in the world using many inventions and techniques that still hold sway today. He didn’t only conquered all the known world (for the greeks until that time) but he also focused on unifying them.He also used a lot of scientist during his quest including doctors engineers and many more. His conditions were the same as of his soldiers his starting point was terrible small state with a huge an seemingly undefeatable enemy. Though Khan was quite cruel to people if they didn’t surrender to him, neither would Alexander, who was just as cruel, so I don’t really get why people go nuts over Alexander and ignore Genghis Khan. I thought of such greats as Bismarck, Washington, Napoleon, and Augustus, however Alexander was able to be a very successful military leader and politician. Alexander the Great, one of the world's greatest military commanders, was born in 356 BC in Pella - Macedonia, the son of King Philip II of Macedonia and Olympids, daughter of King Neoptolemos.The legend says that he was born the same night when Herostratus, a lunatic who lived in Ephesus, burnt down the Temple of Artemis.Between 342 and 340 BC his tutor was the philosopher Aristotle. Alexander was born around July 20, 356 B.C., in Pella, which was the administrative capital of Macedonia. A military genius and a man that was wise enough to know when to consult others in areas where he did not know himself. Granted, like Napoleon they may have both been aggressive military leaders, but Alexander was able to gain a lot of respect worldwide by not just conquering but keeping a lot of the conquered areas in-tact. His father was often away, conquering neighboring territories and putting down revolts. He created one of the largest empires in a short time George, He was a fearless warrior and took part of front line battles. Titles: King of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shahanshah of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt and Lord of Asia. Alexander the Great takes power. Though the empire that Alexander gained through his military triumph split into various kingdoms after his early death in 323 B.C. Alexander was a not a great man in the moral sense but it is indisputable that he is a one of the greatest military masterminds.. And one to prove people wrong. Next lesson. December 4, 2012 @ His cultural legacy for the years and centuries to come, the so-called Hellenismus, was the topsoil for all the great near eastern reigns from the 3rd century B.C. Very similar to Napoleon, except that Napoleon spread Nationalism, efficient bureaucracy, and a renewed vigor for republics. Richard. He had an undefeated battle record. Because Alexander was able to conquer a lot of territory of the then-known world, allowing to keep their customs, inspiring his soldiers, and acknowledging economics impact by establishing Alexandria, I believe this shows that Alexander was a great military commander and political leader. I think Alexander fits this bill very well. Rodrigo, Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquerors and tactical minds of all time, as evidenced by his large empire acquired with relatively small resources. “This belief was instilled in him from an early age by his father and his tutors at school, church and in the military.”. All together united under the commands of Alexander made the greatest empire the world has ever known in such a sort time (if we take into account the huge distances and the difficulty of transportation during that period) and by one ruler.. Smart cunning and ruthless he was the greatest because he thought for himself and knew what he wanted how he would get it. As it happens, Alexander had both. He wasn’t the type of leader who gave dramatic speeches in an attempt to inspire his men; He knew that if he expected his troops to risk their lives for this cause he would have to do so as well. In his 50 plus years career, Bai Qi won over 70 campaigns and never lost a battle. And above all he did all this with minimal resources, always involving himself in all the aspects of his military, economic and cultural campaign. Ceaser, Augustus, Gendis Khan all lost battles at one time. He was the first real icon for unity amongst all people, he had his flaws though but his idea & vision is something that would inspire many, and what he achieved being so young in short span of time was amazing aswell. And at all of those fields he was superb. As for the greatest military mind? He had an undefeated battle record. How can anyone clam being the greatest? When he died at 33, he had conquered the entire known world, and we will never know if he was a capable governor because he died so young before he could truly rule his empire, yet as a military leader he is certainly without equal Ben, He’s responsible for spreading Hellenic culture all the way to India; shaping the Classical Age single handedly. Dozens of the cities which he established still exist today, and the culture he spread and assimilated is very evident in the lands in which his empire existed. His conditions were the same as of his soldiers his starting point was terrible small state with a huge an seemingly undefeatable enemy Ronen, Because Alexander was able to conquer a lot of territory of the then-known world, allowing to keep their customs, inspiring his soldiers, and acknowledging economics impact by establishing Alexandria, I believe this shows that Alexander was a great military commander and political leader. In the last two videos, we described military reforms of Philip II of Macedon and how he changed his infantry, cavalry and siege weapons. Both are great, but Alexander has to win in my book. Alexander the Great is the biggest general not only by military point of view as with a small army but well equipped and organized and with a capable general stuff of generals to assist him, managed to conquer and abolish the biggest empire of the known world at that time but also spread the greek culture to the East and created the hellenistic culture which had the well known impact in all … The Persian army assembled about 250,000 men on … Every citizen was required to defend the city in the event of war. Battle of Chaeronea and defeat of Sacred Band (338 BC) The rise of Alexander’s father, Philip II of … February 26, 2019 @ When he died at 33, he had conquered the entire known world, and we will never know if he was a capable governor because he died so young before he could truly rule his empire, yet as a military leader he is certainly without equal. Mohammed, When he led his soldiers to the Indus River and they decided that they would go no further, he let them have their way. Very similar to Napoleon, except that Napoleon spread Nationalism, efficient bureaucracy, and a renewed vigor for republics. Chris, He helped unify most of the ancient world. Truly, Alexander’s exploits have stood the test of time, and likely will remain standing until some other great leader buries them under blood and bone. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Audata became the first of Philip's seven wives among whom was also Alexander's mother, Olympias. This is the currently selected item. Christopher, He rose from a small kingdom to conquer the known world – and his reputation was so fearsome that decades after his death people still refused to revolt out of fear that he might really still be alive and come back to punish them.It’s a real shame that Ghengis Khan is not on the list, though. Julian, He fought in the head of his army. Julius Ceaser is noted to have cried at the sight of a statue of Alexander because he could never be a great a leader as Alexander. He led militarily but also understood how to really build an empire that would follow you, even those conquered. There is no shortage of information on Alexander the Great as long as you know where to look, and don’t use the Colin Farrell movie. 2:18 pm. he left his kingdom back to him and went back….. seems…. Alexander has figured in works of both high and popular culture from his own era to the modern day. Ryan, Alexander took the unity forged by his father in the Agean and with it conquered the colossus of Persia in 10 years and enabled Greek thought and language to permiate the entire near east and through the conquests of the Romans, extend throughout Western Europe, influencing all of modern history. Also one of his quotes or something that he showed. Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. Above all else Alexander the Great was a commander because of his sheer bloody minded arrogance and his belief in his own superiority. Alexander was born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia, in July 356 BC. Jimmy, Because of introducing the psychology of the God/Man King, and using it to his advantage in warfare and conquest, while at the same time inspiring the world with advances in the sciences and mathematics. Out of the choices given I believe Alexander is the greatest leader. Two powerful city-states rose to dominate Greece. He was a kind and fair ruler to his citizens, which held together despite the vast mix of cultures. Just with the sheer scale of the empire that Alexander created at an early time, he has to be the greatest, Surely its Alexander, he lived in times before Jesus yet they still teach his tactics at military academies today Ian, Alexander III of Macedon , commonly known as Alexander the Great. His greatest achievement was introducing and developing trade throughout the known world and introducing vast new knowledge and trade to all areas they in countered! His greatest achievement was introducing and developing trade throughout the known world and introducing vast new knowledge and trade to all areas they in countered! (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Julius caear cry when it was his 32 b-day because he did not conquered as much as alexander the great, Richard Ledger It was the birth of the citizen-warrior. Yet his force was small compared to those he fought, (Persians, Indians) and he never lost a battle. No other man in history has conquered so vast an area with so little an Army; I will be the first to point out that the classical Macedonians were Greek through and through, and only the snobbery of the Southern Greek states -who viewed anyone who didn’t both speak Greek, and organize themselves in city states as various shades of barbaric- but at the end of it, even if more or less controlled by Macedonia b the time of Alexander, it was the Macedonian army and some mercenary ‘auxiliaries’ that toppled what had been the greatest empire the world had ever seen, spread Greek culture to the Indus (where it would influence Indian culture, and have faint reverberations even in China and Japan- usually seen as culturally impregnable entities, even they felt the result of Alexanders mighty thrust East.). In the first authoritative biography of Alexander the Great written for a general audience in a generation, classicist and historian Philip Freeman tells the remarkable life of the great conqueror. Macedon is too small for you’, the words of King Phillip II of Macedon were prophetic as he addressed his son Alexander after he had tamed a fearful horse at the age of just 10. Diadochi and the Hellenistic Period. By the way, the information on Alexande never being defeated comes only from his own sources, while other sources in India indicate that he was defeated there. He redefined warfare for ages to come and his death brought a civil war fought between the Seleucids and Ptolemaics that would last until Roman conquest hundreds of years later. Some of the combat accomplishments were quite amazing. February 15, 2019 @ Alexander the Great. He was inspiring and charismatic, his men would (and did) follow him anywhere. In reality Alexander more than an experienced leader was an extremely lucky and able heir to the throne. Had he not died he could have made the Grecian Empire as great or greater than the Roman Empire that was formed years later. While Athens would become a naval power, Sparta easily emerged as the atypical military city, initiating a strict code of conduct with intense military training for every male citizen. Leaving Parmenio in Syria, Alexander advanced south without opposition until he reached Gaza on its high mound; there bitter resistance halted him for two months, and he sustained a serious shoulder wound during a sortie. He conquered the world by his 18th birthday, Surely its Alexander, he lived in times before Jesus yet they still teach his tactics at military academies today, Alexander III of Macedon , commonly known as Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great – the greatest leader of all time? Alexander also pushed deeper into the far reaches of Persia including his defeat of the warlord Porus at the Battle of Hydaspes in what is modern day Pakistan. Darryl, Tremendous lasting impact in both military and cultural spheres – his tactics are still studied 2300 years later. Alexander is today revered and set apart from other leaders because of eurocentrism that still remains to this day. He killed more than 1.5 million enemies and earned the nickname of “The Butcher.” His victories laid the groundwork for the Imperial China. Though Khan was quite cruel to people if they didn’t surrender to him, neither would Alexander, who was just as cruel, so I don’t really get why people go nuts over Alexander and ignore Genghis Khan. Therefore, unlike many other leaders, he inspired his people better than a “regular” king of sorts would have done. Alexander the Great charged at Porus. Following his father’s assassination Alexander succeeded him to the Macedon throne and the 20 year old King ruthlessly murdered all of his rivals to the crown. Beyond the conqueror, however, he took Hellenistic culture to an entirely different level; instead of the ideas of liberty, equality, philosophy, drama, and scientific categorization and study remaining in Greece and slowly spreading by basic trade and other modicums of idea osmosis, he spread it like wildfire across Asia Minor and the Middle East all the way to the Indian subcontinent. What about Genghis khan? Unfortunately, many woes befell them during their return to Babylon, and later, Alexander failed to consolidate his dream for a combined east-west empire, but his conquests did help Greek culture thrive and survive through the middle ages, the crusades and on to inspire the Renaissance. He fought in the head of his army. © 2020 Current Publishing. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Alexander the Great was one of the greatest military strategists and leaders in world history. 65.73 × 91.44 cm. His accomplishments as a ruler proved to be largely transitory. Both are great, but Alexander has to win in my book. His stunning and rapid record speaks for itself, brilliant commander and fearless. Detail of the Battle of Issus between Alexander and Darius III, mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii, c. 2nd century bce; in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy. Alexander encouraged Hellenization by founding at least 70 new cities throughout his empire and populating them with Greeks. Perhaps the clincher, however, is this: Julius Caesar weeped when he considered Alexander’s accomplishments. He used the conquered lands, sent back to Europe a great variety of plants and animals that did not existed and bringing them a lot of the advantages that the Greek city-states had developed. He not only conquered more land and greater empires but also was able to establish a lasting empire that didn’t disappear after his death but flourished for centuries. He also had a low causality rate among his troops. In 15 years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle. However, unlike Napoleon, Alexander also understood the different religions, cultures, and economies of the territories he captured. 2:50 pm. Prior to the expansion of his empire there were hundreds of little spoken languages, when he imposed the use of Greek, it created a common language that fostered the expansion of culture, commerce and hegemony amongst the conquered lands. And above all he did all this with minimal resources, always involving himself in all the aspects of his military, economic and cultural campaign. Julius Caesar and Augustus were greater than Alexander. The armies Alexander the Great and the Persian monary Darius the 3rd, fought in 331 BC. Harrison, A military genius and a man that was wise enough to know when to consult others in areas where he did not know himself. the bharath culture made him to satisfy him. Why Alexander should not be considered one of history’s greats here, Grave of Iron Age warrior discovered in West Sussex, REVIEW - A short history of the American Civil War. He was known mainly for his military skills. His greatest victory was at the Battle of Gaupamela in 331 BC in what today is Iraq. And at all of those fields he was superb. The church didn’t come into the picture until around A.D. 30-40….. Alexander, over the course of a relatively short thirteen years, conquered all of Persia and began the process of taking over the entire continent of Asia. The result was one of Alexander's greatest military achievements, but the battle was difficult, particularly because the Macedonian army had had to face a frightful experience in fighting elephants. 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