Edward L. Counts, Jr., Major Professor Cultivating Independent Learners. Carter found that FD was more conducive to language learning than FI. I have examined the final electronic copy of this dissertation for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, with a major in Education. Study even when you don’t want to. little disagreement that a relationship does exist between the culture in which children live (or from which they are descended) and their preferred ways of learning Field independent people are less reliant on being provided with a structure to the subject and are more self … [...] Results of data analysis indicated that there is a significant difference between dependent and independent students in their English Achievement Test scores, while there is NO significant interaction between students’ learning … Inspire student motivation for learning: Motivation to learn is key to success in school, after graduation in the global job market, and for life in a world of constant changes in technology. In the field dependent mode of perceiving, parts of the field are reflected as separated from the organized ground. EEG Recording. Adults (especially adult learners) are more field independent (Gurley, 1984). Field sensitive learners are learners who like to work in groups to achieve a common goal. Field dependent people have an interpersonal orientation: they show strong interest in others, prefer to be physically close to people, are emotionally open and gravitate toward social situations. This includes a sense of how to manage one’s own learning as well as how to respond to difficulties or challenges. This study investigates the relationship between the field-dependence/independence (FD/I) cognitive styles and the speaking performance of Iranian EFL learners. For example, one of the prerequisites of independent learning is the ability to work on your own, with minimal direction and with confidence. Students are expected to be independent learners by third grade. Field dependent learners accept the information as presented, and they need help from outside to analyze this information. As for field-dependent learners, the organization of the surrounding field controls the mode of perception. However, doubts have been raised whether field (in)dependent The more salient or noticeable cues affect the performance of field dependent learners despite the relevancy of these cues to the subject matter. They examine all possibilities … Becoming an independent learner will allow you to deal with these dangers and shift in responsibility. See more. Independent learners understand that present frustration is worthwhile to achieve future success. However, a lot of students still struggle with complex material well into their high school years. These learners work most effectively in groups or … Field dependent people are better at learning social material and learning it in a social way. Conforming to this classification framework, participants in the current study were categorized as 14 Field Dependent, 7 Field Independent learners and 10 Field Neutral learners. Critical thinking – Independent learners think critically of a situation. DiStefano, JJ Interpersonal perceptions of field independent and field dependent teachers and students Dissertation Abstracts International 1970 31 463A 464A (Doctoral dissertation, Cornell University, 1969)(University Microfilms No. Brown (1987) and Bialystok and Fröhlich (1978) postulated that field-in-dependent learners may have the advantage in classroom foreign-language learning because of the formal, or structure-oriented, nature of classroom They like to help others and tend to be sensitive to the opinions, ideas and feelings the Needs of Field Dependent Learners in Simulation Gaming Environments." Field dependence-field independence cognitive style and gender 1977; Witkin & Goodenough, 1981). According to Witkin and Goodenough (1981), field dependent learners pay more attention on social cues, like to be with others and seek learning and vocational experiences that put them in contact with people. 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