This is a list of fictional countries from published works of fiction (books, films, television series, games, etc.). The administrative centre of the region moved to Turkistan and the region was renamed Turkistan Region. [10] The Qara Khitai used the "image of China" to legitimize their rule to the Central Asians. [6] The entire territory was held at various times by Turkic forces, such as the Göktürks, until the conquest by Genghis Khan and the Mongols in 1220. In the 1390s, Turco-Mongol warlord and the founder of the Timurid dynasty Timur erected a magnificent domed Mazar or tomb over his grave, which remains the most significant architectural monument in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Population: 2,469,367; 1,978,339. [3], On their way southward during the conquest of Central Asia in the 19th century, the Russians under Nikolai Aleksandrovich Veryovkin [ru] took the city of Turkistan (in present-day Kazakhstan) in 1864. [4] It became the political center of the Kazakh steppe, but after advancing conquest expeditions of the Russian Empire and the associated weakening of the Kazakh Khanate benefited small southern states that he was captured. The, Annette M. B. Meakin, "In Russian Turkestan: a garden of Asia and its people," page 44. Not all of those states accept the designation of "Turkestan", however; Tajikistan's Persian-speaking population feels more closely aligned with Iran and Afghanistan. [13] These Han Chinese had lived in Kedun during the Liao dynasty,[14] and in 1124 migrated with the Khitans under Yelü Dashi along with other people of Kedun, such as the Bohai, Jurchen, and Mongol tribes, as well as other Khitans in addition to the Xiao consort clan. In Chinese historiography, the Qara Khitai is most commonly called the "Western Liao" (西遼) and is considered to be a legitimate Chinese dynasty, as is the case for the Liao dynasty. "Turkestan im XX Jahrhundert. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. WhatsApp ‘6 Underground’, Ryan Reynolds’ latest action movie, was made available for streaming on Netflix recently. [4] "Turkestan" is used to describe any place where Turkic peoples lived. Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. As observed on the physical map of Tajikistan above, almost the entire country (around 93%) is mountainous. Excerpt: On their way southward from, "Like a Mighty Wall: The armies of the Qara Khitai", "Chapter 11 - The Kitan and the Kara Kitay", Basmachi: Turkestan National Liberation Movement, International Organization of Turkic Culture (TÜRKSOY), Organization of the Eurasian Law Enforcement Agencies with Military Status (TAKM), State with limited international recognition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkestan&oldid=992460343, Articles containing Russian-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, David Christian "A History Of Russia, Central Asia, and Mongolia" (Oxford) 1998 Vol.I. Mission to Turkestan: Being the memoirs of Count K.K. [6] Timur took over the western portion of Turkestan in 1369, and the area became part of the Timurid Empire. It is the region's smallest nation. Throughout most of the medieval and early-modern period it was known as Iasy or Shavgar and after the 16th-17th centuries as Turkistan or Hazrat, both of which names derive from the title 'Hazrat-i Turkistan', which literally means "the Saint (or Blessed One) of Turkistan" and refers to Khoja Akhmet Yassawi, the Sufi Sheikh of Turkistan, who lived here during the 11th century CE and is buried in the town. City and the administrative center of Turkistan Region, Kazakhstan, This article is about the city in Kazakhstan. State symbols of the fictional Turgistan bear a striking resemblance to those of Turkmenistan, while residents of Turgistan seem to speak Turkmen and also bear Turkmen names. Turkistan Region borders the … Hi Barb, it is a beautiful country. It is … If you have some spare time head into Kyrgyzstan also (Bishkek, Karakol, Jurgalan). Kurdistan is not a country but a region that spans across several countries in the Middle East. "Turkestan Zwischen Russland Und China. The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian Khanates from the Earliest Times by Edward Den Ross. Fictional works describe all the countries in the following list as located somewhere on the surface of the Earth as we know it – as opposed to underground, inside the planet, on another world, or during a different "age" of the planet with a different physical geography. The Persian Samanid dynasty subsequently conquered it and the area experienced economic success. ", Baymirza Hayit. Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. "Islam and Turkestan Under Russian Rule. Turkistan (Kazakh: Түркістан Türkistan تٷركئستان), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. These regions are connected by the Kurdish people who are found spread out in these nations. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. Meri Kahaani 782,365 views 9:36 At Turkestan (Туркестан) stands Kazakhstan’s greatest architectural monument and most important pilgrimage site: the mausoleum of Kozha Akhmed Yasaui. It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkent to the south. ", Baymirza Hayit. Design by, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:14. km. [7] The history of the Qara Khitai was included in the History of Liao (one of the Twenty-Four Histories), which was compiled officially during the Yuan dynasty by Toqto'a et al. The main city and bastion of the province was Bauterna (Khuzdar/Quzdar). A searchable, updated list of all Hearts of Iron IV country tags. Facebook. Kurdistan Is An Amazing Future Country And Facts About Kurdistan In Urdu / Hindi .کردستان کی تاریخ - Duration: 9:36. The Desert Road to Turkestan (Kodansha Globe) by Owen Lattimore. Turkestan Reunion (Kodansha Globe) by Eleanor Lattimore. Oghuz Turks (also known as Turkmens), Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Khazars, Kyrgyz, Hazara and Uyghurs are some of the Turkic inhabitants of the region who, as history progressed, have spread further into Eurasia forming such Turkic nations as Turkey, and subnational regions like Tatarstan in Russia and Crimea in Ukraine. Turkestan: Refers to an area comprising 5 autonomous former Soviet republics east of the Caspian Sea and North of Afghanistan. Turkistan experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BWk) with short, cold winters and long, dry, very hot summers. Turkistan Region, previously South Kazakhstan Region, is the southernmost region of Kazakhstan. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 (1999 Census results) to 142,899 (2009 Census results). In the 16th to 18th centuries, Turkistan became the capital of the Kazakh Khanate. Turkestan Tourism: Tripadvisor has 258 reviews of Turkestan Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Turkestan resource. Mayor Rashid Ayupov lamented via Facebook that "millions of people around the world might wonder about the fictional country 'Turgistan' and … These country tags are most commonly used with console commands. Known as Turan to the Persians, western Turkestan has also been known historically as Sogdiana, "Ma wara'u'n-nahr" (by its Arab conquerors), and Transoxiana by Western travelers. The road trip from the nearest airport at Shymkent takes about two hours. Turkestan Solo: A Journey Through Central Asia, by, Baymirza Hayit. With the dissolution of the Huns' Empire, Chinese rulers took over Eastern Turkestan. Excerpt: Never a single nation, the name Turkestan means simply the place of, Central Asian review by Central Asian Research Centre (London, England), St. Antony's College (University of Oxford). [citation needed] The Chinese emperor, together with the rulers of the Turks, Arabs, India and the Byzantine Romans, were known to Islamic writers as the world's "five great kings". Turkmenistan, second largest country of Central Asia. [15], Qara Khitai's rule over the Muslim-majority Central Asia has the effect of reinforcing the view among some Muslim writers that Central Asia was linked to China even though the Tang dynasty had lost control of the region a few hundred years ago. It is subdivided into Afghan Turkestan and Russian Turkestan in the West, and East Turkestan in the East. The Saint was held in such reverence that the city was known as the Second Mecca of the East, a vision which has helped shape the spiritual identity of Muslims in Kazakhstan.[6]. Since its independence in 1991 it has been known for … Uzbeks, Turkmens, Kazakhs, Uyghurs, Tatars - all … Turkistan is served by Hazrat Sultan International Airport. Справочник статистических показателей, "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Turkestan (Turkistan)", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Description of archaeological investigations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkistan_(city)&oldid=993801111, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Погода и Климат (Weather and Climate). 0. "region of Kurds") or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. Having independence is the most essential thing for a country and its people to develop and prosper.” Meanwhile, the East Turkistan National Awakening Movement (ETNAM) has also issued a statement noting how Chinese authorities have incarcerated 3 million Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Tatars and other Turkic people in East Turkestan. According to a regional tradition, three pilgrimages to Turkistan are equivalent to one hajj to Mecca (such local piety is known also in relation to other religious monuments in the Muslim world). Get directions, maps, and traffic for Turkestan, South Kazakhstan Province. Other important historical sites in the city include a medieval bath-house and four other mausoleums, one dedicated to Timur's granddaughter and three to Kazakh khans (rulers). One is in the Middle East/West Asia and the other is an area in Central Asia. Turkestan (also spelled Turkistan, former Hazrat-e Turkestan) is the capital of the Turkistan region of Kazakhstan. On 19 June 2018 Shymkent was taken out of South Kazakhstan Region and subordinated directly to the government of Kazakhstan. Turkestan was an ancient centre of the caravan trade; it was known as Shavgar and later as Yasī. Turkistan (Kazakh: Түркістан Türkistan تٷركئستان), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. Exhibition catalog. The adherence to Liao Chinese traditions has been suggested as a reason why the Qara Khitai did not convert to Islam. The lowest point of the country is located at the Akjagaýa Depression in the Lake Sarykamish area. Its capital is Turkistan. ", Baymirza Hayit. Kurdistan (/ ˌ k ɜːr d ɪ ˈ s t æ n, ˈ s t ɑː n /; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان ‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (); lit. The Turgistan locations were filmed in the United Arab Emirates. East Turkestan", a term of Russian origin, asserts a continuity with a "West Turkestan" or the now-independent states of Soviet Central Asia. [6] The eastern portion of Turkestan was also called Moghulistan and continued to be ruled by descendants of Genghis Khan. December 14, 2019. We loved exploring Turkistan and the people were so friendly. Turkistan's most prominent historical and cultural asset is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Her… It lies in the Syr Darya (ancient Jaxartes River) plain. Turkestan played an important role in Kazakhstan history and is a sacred town for significant part of Kazakh people. No. Finally, this city was conquered in Kokand khanate by Russian General Veryovkin in 1864. Turkestan and the Fate of the Russian Empire by Daniel Brower. "Basmatschi: Nationaler Kampf Turkestans in den Jahren 1917 bis 1934.". Tribal Rugs from Afghanistan and Turkestan by Jack Frances. The city transport in Turkistan consists of buses and taxis. Excerpt: The name Turkestan is of Persian origin and was apparently first used by Persian geographers to describe "the country of the Turks". Happy travels. Of Persian origin (see -stan), the term "Turkestan" (ترکستان) has never referred to a single nation state. When Turkistan fell to the Russian Empire it was incorporated into the Syr-Darya Oblast of the Governor-Generalship of Russian Turkistan. It was pictured on the back of the banknotes of the national currency until 2006. Other cities in Turkistan Region include Sayram, Kentau, Arys, Shardara, Zhetisay, Saryagash, and Lenger. Give yourself a couple of days. Is Turgistan in ‘6 Underground’ a Real Country? Pinterest. The region was a focal point for cultural diffusion, as the Silk Road traversed it. Coordinates: 43°17′51.75″N 68°16′15.80″E / 43.2977083°N 68.2710556°E / 43.2977083; 68.2710556 Marwazī wrote that Transoxiana was a former part of China,[16] while Fakhr al-Dīn Mubārak Shāh defined China as part of "Turkestan", and the cities of Balāsāghūn and Kashghar were considered part of China. Ryan Reynolds plays the lead character in the movie and is referred to, as “One.” The movie’s plot kicks off when he sees Turgistan’s dictator use fighter jets to drop sarin gas (a toxic nerve agent) on his own population. See Turkistan ... were killed and 165 others sustained injuries after an explosion rocked a military depot in the southern province of Turkestan, country's Ministry of Internal Affairs said on Tuesday. We wish we had more time there. The vast majority of the annual precipitation falls between late autumn and late spring. Arab forces captured it in the 8th century. The population rose by 10% from 1989 to 99, making it the second fastest-growing town in Kazakhstan, after the new capital Nur-Sultan. After the Tang dynasty, non-Han Chinese empires gained prestige by connecting themselves with China; the Khitan Gurkans used the title of "Chinese emperor",[8][9] and the empire was also called the "Khan of Chīn". It became a religious centre called Khazret (Hazrat) because of the 12th-century Sufi (Muslim mystic) Ahmed 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang.[1][2]. The province was mainly populated by Indians, and bordered Paradan in the west, Hind in the east, Sakastan in the north, and Makuran in the south. In fact, more than half of the country is higher than 3,000 m, (9,842 ft.) in elevation. Google+. by W. BARTHOLD. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang. 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